In discussing the causes underlying low back pain, it’s helpful to understand the anatomy of this area of your back.
Your low spine, which is also called your lumbar spine, is made up of only five vertebrae that connect your sacrum to your midback. While few in number, these five vertebrae are responsible for almost all of your motion and support, making your low back the hardest working part of your body.
To help in this enormous task, your lumbar spine relies on a host of supporting players, including:
• Blood vessels
Because of the complexity of your lumbar spine, and the amount of wear and tear it suffers, low back pain is pervasive and often caused by:
• Strains/sprains in your muscles/ligaments
• Degenerative joint disease
• Herniated or ruptured discs
• Nerve compression
• Trauma or compression fracture
While this list is by no means comprehensive, it serves to highlight the main culprits behind low back pain.